November 12, 1847: Sir James Young Simpson, head of midwifery at Edinburgh Hospital first uses chloroform ("perchloride of formyle") for anaesthesia during childbirth. His advocacy of its use at a time when it was considered immoral for women to resort to painkillers during childbirth, prompted Queen Victoria to use the drug when she gave birth to Prince Leopold in 1853.
November 14, 1666: English physician, Samuel Pepys records a blood transfusion of one dog to another: " …there was a pretty experiment of the blood of one dog let out, till he had died, into the body of another on one side, while all his own run out on the other side. The first died upon the place, and the other very well and likely to do well. This did give occasion to many pretty wishes, as of the blood of a Quaker to be let into an Archbishop and such like; but, as Dr. Croon says, may, if it takes, be of mighty use to man's health, for the amending of bad blood by borrowing from a better body."
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